FDR’s Quarantine Speech called for an international “quarantine of aggressor nations”. This was an alternative to the political climate of American neutrality. The speech caused protest by non-interventionists and foes to intervene. Although no countries were mentioned in the speech, it was interpreted as referring to Italy, Germany, and Japan. Roosevelt suggested the use of economic pressure, a forceful response, but less direct than outright aggression. FDR’s Four Freedoms speech was about the values of democracy behind the bipartisan consensus on international involvement that existed at the time. A famous quote from the speech is “As men do not live by bread alone, they do not fight by armaments alone.” In the speech he lists the benefits of democracy, which includes economic opportunity, employment, social security, and the promise of “adequate health care”.
The Atlantic Charter was a policy statement issued in August 14, 1941 that defined the Allied goals for the post-war world early in WWII. The Charter stated the ideal goals of the war: no territorial aggrandizement; no territorial changes made against the wishes of the people; restoration of self-government to those deprived of it; reduction of trade restrictions; global cooperation to secure better economic and social conditions for all; freedom from fear and want; freedom of the seas; and abandonment of the use of force, as well as disarmament of aggressor nations.
CTYP conferences were held as a strategy meeting between Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill. The main outcome of the conference was the commitment to the opening of a second front against Nazi Germany by the Western Allies.
The UN Charter was the foundational treaty of the United Nations. It is a constituent treaty, and all members are bound by its articles. Article 103 of the Charter states that obligations to the United Nations prevail over all other treaty obligations. Most Countries in the world have now ratified the Charter.
The Marshall Plan was the American initiative to aid Europe, in which the United States gave $17 billion in economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II.
Communism International- an international communist organization initiated in Moscow during March 1919. The International intended to fight “by all available means, including armed force, for the overthrow of the international bourgeoisie and for the creation of an international Soviet republic as a transition stage to the complete abolition of the State”
Joseph Stalin- Joseph Stalin (1878-1953) was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1929 to 1953. Under Stalin, the Soviet Union was transformed from a peasant society into an industrial and military superpower. However, he ruled by terror, and millions of his own citizens died during his brutal reign.
Nikita Khrushchev- Nikita Khrushchev was the leader of the Soviet Union during the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1963.
Yuri Gagarin- first man to orbit the earth. He was in spacecraft Vostok 1